The History of Black History
by Elissa Haney
Americans have recognized black history annually since 1926, first as "Negro History Week"
and later as "Black History Month." What you might not know is that black history had barely
begun to be studied or even documented when the tradition originated. Although blacks have
been in America at least as far back as colonial times, it was not until the 20th century that
they gained a respectable presence in the history books.
Blacks Absent from History Books
We owe the celebration of Black History Month, and more importantly, the study of black history,
to Dr. Carter G. Woodson. Born to parents who were former slaves, he spent his childhood working
in the Kentucky coal mines and enrolled in high school at age twenty. He graduated within two
years and later went on to earn a Ph.D. from Harvard. The scholar was disturbed to find in his
studies that history books largely ignored the black American population and when blacks did
figure into the picture, it was generally in ways that reflected the inferior social position
they were assigned at the time.
Established Journal of Negro History
Woodson, always one to act on his ambitions, decided to take on the challenge of writing black
Americans into the nation's history. He established the Association for the Study of Negro Life
and History (now called the Association for the Study of Afro-American Life and History) in
1915, and a year later founded the widely respected Journal of Negro History. In 1926, he
launched Negro History Week as an initiative to bring national attention to the contributions
of black people throughout American history.